CLAYTON Matthew

I would like to thank Kevin Greatorex (Matthews great great grandson) for getting in touch with memories from his grandmother.

Matthew Clayton was born on December 23rd 1884 in Chesterfield.  His parents were Matthew and Calendine Clayton. He was baptised on March 16th 1885 at Newbold cum Dunston. A copy taken from the Baptism register is shown below.

 

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Matthews (Senior) occupation is given as ‘Scizzors’ Grinder and the family are living at Devonshire Street.

On the 1891 census the family are living at 22 Croft in the Newbold and Dunston District of Chesterfield.

Father Matthew (36) who was born in Leicestershire, is a Scissor Grinder.

 ‘Interestingly the occupations of scissor grinder represent one of the trades carried out by Romany travellers which Matthews family indeed were’. 

  1. (Information from Kevin Greatorex (Matthews great great grandson).

Mother Caroline (35) was born in Ripley Derbyshire

There are six children listed, Henry (17) a Pottery Hand, Mary (15) also a Pottery Hand, Matilda (13) a Domestic Servant, Eliza (9) and Matthew (6) both at school and Genett (1).

By 1901 the census shows that the family have moved and are now living at 202 Arundel Road Newbold.

Matthew senior is now a Razor Grinder working at home.  His wife Caroline (Callandine) and now there are five children living at home.  Harry (could be Henry ), Matthew who is now 16 years of age and working as a labourer at Iron Works, Janet (could be Genett from 1891 census) who along with Levi (9) and Rebecca (7) are at school.

On 24th April 1905 Matthew married Elizabeth Green

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Matthew and Elizabeth had three children.

Janetta (Janet)  born 14 February 1906  Baptised at Whittington Church 18th March 1906

Lillian   born 21st February 1908  Baptised at Whittington Church  25th March 1908

Matthew  born 15 January 1911  Baptised at Whittington Church 8th February 1911

The baptism entry for Janetta gives an address for the family at 45 High Street Old Whittington, but the entries for the two younger children give the address as 41 High Street Old Whittington.

The 1911 census does list the family as living at 41 High Street Old Whittington

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Matthews occupation is now shown as Cutlery Grinder working at home, same occupation as his father and brother.

Matthew enlisted in Chesterfield  in the 9th Battalion Kings Royal Rifle Corps (Service Number R/9766)

‘My grandma used to talk to me quite a lot about her dad and was told this as a child and have always remembered it. Grandma told me Matthew had enlisted as the family were struggling financially at this point and mentioned the Kings shilling’.

2.  (Information from Kevin Greatorex (Matthews great great grandson) as related to him by Matthews daughter Jeanette).

The 9th (Service) Battalion landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer as part of the 42nd Brigade in the 14th (Light) Division in May 1915 for service on the Western Front.  They saw action in the 2nd Battle of Ypres in May 1915.  The 9th Battalion also saw action at the Battle of Hooge (known as the German Liquid Fire Attack)  on 30th July 1915.   This was one of the first times the German Army had used Flamethrowers in battle.  Understandably, one of the most feared weapons introduced during World War 1.

According to the Medal Card Matthew arrived in France 30th September 1915. Prior to his arrival the battalion had been involved in the Second Attack on Bellewaarde on 25th September 1915.    The 9th King’s Royal Rifle Corps were deployed in support but they also suffered in the fighting, as well as from British artillery dropping short during their advance.

Unfortunately I cannot be sure where Matthew was injured but he died from his wounds on 22 November 1915.

‘I remember my grandmother Jeanette mentioning that her father Matthew had been shot by a German sniper and had died on a cart heading to the field hospital’.

3.  (Information from Kevin Greatorex (Matthews great great grandson) as related to him by Matthews daughter Jeanette).

Matthew is buried  at Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery in Belgium.

The following information has been taken from this website   It has a great deal of interesting information regarding Lijssenthoek.

In the spring of 1915, the hamlet of Lijssenthoek, just south of Poperinge, became involved in the war effort. The farm of Remi Quaghebeur was ideally located for building a field hospital – a few miles behind the front and next to the Poperinge-Hazebrouck railway line. At the height of the war, Remi comprised four big field hospitals and the four Casualty Clearing Stations here boasted some 4,000 hospital beds. 

Injured men were brought in from all over the Ypres Salient to this field hospital. Those who didn’t make it were buried on site. 10,784 headstones. 

Matthew was taken to Number 10 Casualty Clearing Station (Remi) where he died of his wounds.  He would then be buried in Lijssenthoek cemetery.

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Above is the copy of Matthews Pension Record

Below is the transcript of a report of  Matthews death in the Derbyshire Courier 18th December 1915

OLD WHITTINGTON MAN DIES OF WOUNDS

Rifleman Matthew Clayton (Old Whittington) of the 9th Kings Royal Rifles has died from wounds in France.

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(Picture taken from Derbyshire Courier 18 December 1915)

Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery is the second largest CWGC Cemetery in Belgium after Tyne Cot Cemetery.

It was one of the cemeteries that King George V visited in 1922 during his pilgrimage to the Battlefields of WW1.

Further information on Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery can be found here

 Matthew was awarded the Victory Medal and the British War Medal

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and the 14/15 Star

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At the time of his death Matthew was 31 years of age and according to the cemetery record his family were then living at 91 Whittington Hill Old Whittington.

The inscription on Matthews grave reads

HE IS ENSHRINED IN THE HEARTS OF THOSE THAT LOVED HIM GRANT HIM O LORD ETERNAL REST

 

Matthew is commemorated on Old Whittington and the Brushes War Memorial.

Elizabeth remarried in 1920 and became Mrs Shepherd.  Their daughter Jeanette married Herbert Greatorex in 1928 and in 1939 was living at Unstone.  Lillian married Leslie Wells and in 1939 was living at Hollingwood.

As far as I can confirm Matthews son (also called Matthew) married Minnie Loomes in 1933 and in 1939 was still living at Old Whittington.

Supplementary Information:
1, 2, 3, Information from Kevin Greatorex Gt Gt Grandson of Matthew Clayton

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